INFORMATION STRUCTURE IN A LEXICAL-FUNCTIONAL GRAMMAR OF JAVANESE

Agus Subiyanto

Abstract


This study is about information structure in Javanese from a lexical-functional grammar (LFG) approach. Information structure is seen from the occurrence of discourse functions being the topic (TOP), focus (FOC), and backgrounded information (BI) in a syntactic construction. By using the data of colloquial Javanese of Surakarta dialect, this study aims to discuss how the discourse functions are organized in the language. The result shows that information structure in Javanese can be classified into sentence FOC, predicate FOC, and argument FOC. Sentence FOC constructions have FOC on all elements. Predicate FOC constructions commonly have FOC function on the predicate, with the TOP being omitted. Argument FOC constructions may have BI and FOC functions or FOC, TOP, and BI functions. In LFG, the discourse functions are best described in information structure separate from functional structure. These two structures, however, correspond to each other, as seen from constituent structure.

Keywords


information structure, Javanese, lexical-functional grammar

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