APRAISAL SIKAP DALAM TEKS BERITA SURAT KABAR NASIONAL

Rusyda Nazhira, Silvana Sinar, Suriyadi Suriyadi

Abstract


Penelitian ini meneliti sikap teks berita surat kabar nasional dengan menerapkan teori sistemik Linguistik Fungsional. Penelitian ini memiliki beberapa tujuan: (1) untuk mengambarkan pola sikap pada teks berita dari koran harian Media Indonesia, koran Republika, koran Harian Kompas, dan (2) untuk menjelaskan mengapa sikap pola seperti itu dalam teks berita koran harian Media Indonesia, koran harian Republika, koran harian Kompas. Metode penelitian digunakan dalam metode kualitatif dengan jenis analisis isi. Sampel penelitian ini adalah seratus lima berita dalam surat kabar nasional dengan topik sebagai berikut, yaitu bencana, ekonomi, korupsi, kejahatan dan politik. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak program konkordansi atau Simple Concordance Program (SCP). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) pola sikap apraisal di koran harian Media Indonesia dan koran harian Republika, Apresiasi^afek^penilaian, dan koran harian Kompas, afek^Apresiasi^ penilaian. Kecenderungan penggunaan pola sikap leksis negatif menunjukkan penulis koran berita nasional, dan (2) pola kecenderungan sikap terjadi karena penulis sering menggunakan fungsi bahasa untuk memengaruhi orang lain dengan memberikan penilaian langsung terhadap suatu hal dan penulis berita koran nasional memiliki kecenderungan menceritakan peristiwa sensitif atau masalah yang menimbulkan keprihatinan terhadap peristiwa-peristiwa yang terjadi di masyarakat.

This research investigates Attitude of newspaper text of news in national by applying Systemic Functional Linguistics Theory. This research has several objectives: (1) to describe in the pattern of Attitude in newspaper text of news in Media Indonesia Daily Newspaper, Republika Daily Newspaper, and Kompas Daily Newspaper, and (2) to describe why Attitude the pattern like that in text of news Media Indonesia Daily Newspaper, Republika Daily Newspaper, and Kompas Daily Newspaper. The method of the research used in this qualitative method with type of content analysis. The samples of the research were one hundred and five newspaper news in national with the following topics, disaster, economics, corruption, crime and politics. The data were analyzed by using soft program of Simple Concordance Program (SCP). The result of the research showed that (1) the pattern attitude appraisal in Media Indonesia Daily Newspaper and Republika Daily Newspaper is same, that Appreciation^ Affect^Judgement, and Kompas Daily Newspaper, Affect^Appreciation^Judgement. The inclination of the use of negative lexis attitude pattern showed the newspaper news writers in National, and (2) the inclination pattern of attitude occurred because the writers use the function of language to influence others by providing a direct assessment of a thing and newspaper news writers in national have an inclination of telling the sensitive events or the problem which create apprehensive to the event occurring in society.

Keywords


appraisal, attitude, affect, judgement, appreciation

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