REDUPLICATION SYSTEM OF TAMIANG LANGUAGE

Devi Pratiwy

Abstract


AbstractTamiangs is a Malay variant spoken by minority group of speakers in the regencyof Aceh Tamiang, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (Aceh Province). Aceh Province is aprovince in which another language, Acehnese is dominant. It is not like Malay spoken inMalaysian Peninsular which is used widely. Another point, during conducting theresearch, it was observed that the younger generation appears reluctant to speak inTamiang language preferring to use Bahasa Indonesia i.e. basa toko learned (taught) inschool. They feel that the Tamiang language refer to as basa kampong; is inferior and isa language of villagers (living in outlying areas). It was also observed that Tamianglanguage is no longer used as their mother tongue. Thus, Tamiang language can besuspected to be unextendable and an endangered language. With this in mind, this studycan contribute toward efforts to preserve and enrich existing knowledge on Tamianglanguage in the field of morphology. It can also serve as a source of referencespecifically for an endangered language.This article aims to discuss the reduplicationsystem of Tamiang in relation to how the reduplicated words are formed, and also todescribe Tamiang reduplication types, function and the meaning of reduplicated wordsdenote in Tamiang. Descriptive qualitative method was employed to analyze the collecteddata. The research finding shows that the reduplication systems of Tamiang are formedthrough free morphemes. There are five types of Tamiang reduplication: Fullreduplication, reduplication with affixes, reduplication with sound changes, reduplicationof the first consonant, and Onomatopeia. Morphologically, Tamiang reduplicationfunctions to denote class maintaining and class changing. For class changing, Tamiangreduplication forms nominal, verbal and adverbial reduplicated forms. Syntantically, theTamiang reduplication system appears as subject, verb, object, adjective/complement,and adverb. Semantically, the Tamiang reduplication reveals plural form, intensification,collectiveness, variety, resemblance, reciprocal, and continuity.

Keywords


Tamiang Language, Reduplication, functions, forms.

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