NIAS TRADITIONAL HOUSE IN ECOLINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVE

Evirius Ndruru

Abstract


This paper was made to reveal how ecolinguistic theory approach views Omo Hada 'Traditional House' of Nias society on the level of linguistic items interrelation to the human environment. This study was conducted using qualitative research design. Data in the form of lexicons concerning the traditional house were collected through interviewing with two seniors of Nias indigenous soceity (each aged 50 and 57 years) through electronic media (Whatsapp application). Data were analyzed by three stages, namely condensation, display, veryfying and drawing conclusion (Miles, Huberman, and Saldana, 2014). The results show there are 38 lexicons. Some of the lexicons are basic and other are derivatives. The entire lexicon is categorized as abiotic. This is because all parts of the traditional house are inanimate objects. The close relationship between Nias environment and the traditional house is reflected in the biological dimension of symbols in carving in traditional houses; social dimension praxis seen from lies in the use of lexicons giving each of the parts and materials concepts of linguistic. In addition, hunting and fighting habits ofthe society Nias with the concept of cooperation also reflects an ideology of power and that for a certain objective establishing other persons are necessary.

Keywords


Lexicon, Omo Hada, Nias Island, Ecolinguistics

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